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Interventional Oncology

Interventional Oncology (IO) is a subspecialty field of interventional radiology that uses cutting-edge, minimally invasive techniques to treat non-operative cancers. Interventional radiologists work in collaboration with surgeons and oncologists to develop the best treatment plan for the patient.

Interventional oncology procedures are frequently used to treat primary or metastatic cancer and may be recommended once traditional surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy have failed or are not considered viable. IO treatments can also be used in combination with traditional therapies in order to augment the therapeutic outcome in more complex cases.

Over recent years, there has been an increase in the variety of applications for IO treatments.

  • Liver Cancer – primary liver tumors, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver metastases
  • Lung Cancer – metastases or inoperable primary lung cancer
  • Kidney Cancer – renal cell carcinoma
  • Bone Cancer – metastases located in the spine, pelvis and long bones
  • Prostate Cancer – large inoperable tumors
  • Pancreatic Cancer – inoperable advanced neoplasms

In cases where surgical tumor resection is not possible due to the size, number or location, IR therapies may be used to shrink the tumor, making a surgical or other interventional treatment possible. Chemotherapeutic drugs can also be administered intra-arterially, increasing their potency and reducing the harsh effects of system-wide administration.

Patients can greatly benefit from interventional oncology treatments; the minimally invasive nature can reduce pain, side effects, and recovery times.

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